Change of Supervisory Role in Schools

The Ministry of Education is proposing major changes to the law that may see it snatch the role of managing public schools from head teachers.

By Constance Ndeleko

A head teacher who is also called principal, headmaster or headmistress, is a teacher who is in charge of a school. He or She is responsible for managing a school and making sure everything is running smoothly on a day-to-day basis.

According to the new propositions by the Ministry Education; They propose the need to snatch the managerial role of headteachers from managing public schools.

The ministry wans the Basic Education Act amended to redefine a ‘manager’ in far reaching changes that may effectively see it hire a new set of persons to manage schools.

This move came across as the ministry was unhappy that it lacks control of the over 30,000 school heads in public schools, which receive billions of capitation cash annually from the government.

Sources at Jogoo House said the ministry is also uncomfortable with not being in charge of teachers who manage infrastructure and are in charge of the safety of children in school.


In the proposal, a manager will mean ‘a person who has been appointed by the Cabinet secretary to oversee management of education resources and implementation of policies and guidelines in basic education institutions.’

The Act states that, a manager is presently defined as ‘a person who has been appointed by the Cabinet secretary in consultation with the proprietor through regulations to coordinate and oversee implementation of education policies and guidelines in non-public basic education institutions and performs delegated teacher management functions.’

The proposed definition, however, means the ministry is pushing to hire new people to manage schools, as the definition of a principal remains unchanged.

The Amendment Bill (2020) is awaiting debate in the National Assembly with reports indicating a major education stakeholders meeting will be called next week to discuss the matter.


If passed, the law will take away management powers from school heads. This means the ministry will recruit new staff to oversee the huge monetary resources under the custody of schools, including infrastructure and management of learners.

The interpretation is pegged on the fact that there’s no proposed change to the definition of a ‘principal’ as is presently stated in the Act.

Under the Act, a principal has the meaning assigned to it under the Teachers Service Commission (TSC) Act. This means secondary school heads will still be hired, promoted and disciplined by TSC.

TSC maintains that it is mandated in law to hire and manage all teachers under government payroll.

Kenya Union of Post Primary Education Teachers (Kuppet) said school heads should continue to run their institutions under the current employment and reporting frameworks.

“To help schools run better, the government should establish a policy for them to hire specialised professionals such as accountants, psychologists and sports coaches,” said Secretary-General Akello Misori.

He said parallel employment of school managers would take the country back to the days when TSC was constitutionally mandated to manage the teaching force.

The move is likely to spark a fresh storm between the ministry and the Teachers Service Commission (TSC) if the proposed managers take over supervision of schools.

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